Historic Theatres

The Marches boast a high concentration of historic theatres spread throughout the region which today represent a precious resource for development. In the past, these structures were at the forefront of the process of evolution of the Italian theatrical world which saw its heyday between the 18th and 19th centuries. During that period going to the theatre was an important social convention that determined a real artistic and social phenomenon. Those were the years in which theatre structures were renovated or built from scratch, often by celebrated architects, thus contributing to the creation of new town layouts even in the smallest communities. It was above all private individuals, through the creation of so-called Società Condominiali [Associative Societies], who provided the impulse for building initiatives, sometimes with financial assistance or direct promotion by the local authorities. In 1868 our region counted 113 theatres, of which about seventy still exist today thanks to careful restoration work which has returned them to the people of the Marches. In this setting the province of Macerata distinguishes itself with its 23 theatres offering a full range of the various types that were to be found at the time, according to architectural preferences and the requirements of the spaces available. The horseshoe plan was the most common, albeit with differing technical and formal features, but examples exist also of elliptical plans (Nicola degli Angeli Theatre in Montelupone) or bell-shaped plans (Lauro Rossi Theatre in Macerata), as well as the use of various materials, from the traditional wood (Flora Theatre in Penna San Giovanni) to the innovative cast iron (La Rondinella Theatre in Montefano). Many of these theatres are fully functional with interesting calendars of events, capable of combining the beauty of the structure with the vitality of the performing arts and the evocative atmosphere of past times.